and enjoy Scotland's splendour. The
Scottish Highlands and Islands are Europe's last great wilderness
so why not escape with Rabbie's personalised small group tours.
Get off the beaten track and discover the secrets of Scotland.
promises to get you in touch with the people, places, history
and legends of Scotland and deliver you a unique and memorable
experience to last you a lifetime.
1995 Scotland's population was 5.1 million. Glasgow is
the largest city with a population of approximately 619,000 while
the capital, Edinburgh, has a population of around 448,000 with
Aberdeen next at just under 219,000.
Scotland covers an area of approximately 48,955
sq miles/ 78,783 sq km and is situated between 55 and 60 degrees
Scotland's central belt is at almost the same
latitude as Moscow, Shetland being closer to the Arctic Circle
than to the south of England.
Scotland constitutes around 34% of Britain's land
mass and is roughly two-thirds the size of England.
Most westerly point: Ardnamurchan Point
Most northerly point: Easter Head, Dunnet Head
Most easterly point: Keith Inch, Peterhead
Most southerly point: Mull of Galloway
The mainland has sea on three sides and there
are few places in Scotland more than 40 miles/64 km from salt
water. The total coastline is 6214 miles/10,000km. Mainland Scotland,
north of its 60 mile border with England, is divided into three
The Highlands, about half the land area, lie north
of a line known as the Highland Boundary Fault, from Helensburgh
in the west to Stonehaven in the east. This broad definition includes
lowlying ground around the Moray Firth.
The Central Lowlands or 'central belt', with the
highest population density, lie below the Highlands. The Lowlands'
southern boundary is another line defined by geology, running
from Girvan in the west to Dunbar in the East.
There are just over 100 whisky distilleries in
Scotland. Glenturret Distillery, by Crieff is said to be Scotland's
oldest, established in 1775. The Rabbie's Whisky day tour takes
you here. Edradour Distillery, Pitlochry is the smallest (legal)
distillery in Scotland.
Scotland has approximately 600 golf courses and
boasts the home of golf at the Old Links Course in St. Andrews.
284 peaks over 914 m/3000 ft of which nine are over 1219 m/4000
221 peaks at 762-914m/2500-3000ft
Ben Nevis (highest mountain in Britain) 1344m/4406ft
Highest sea-stack in Britain:
Old Man of Hoy 137m/450ft (Orkney - NW coast of Hoy)
Eas a'Chual Aluinn 201m/658ft (Highlands - 1 mile SE of Loch Glencoul)
Wanlockhead 430m/1411ft (Lowther Hills, Dumfriesshire)
Bealach na Ba rises to 626m/2053ft (road to Applecross, Highlands)
790 big rocks to large islands, 130 of which are inhabited.
There are 40 mainland sea lochs.
The largest stretch of fresh water on mainland Britain is Loch
Lomond, it has a surface area of 70 sq.km/27 sq.miles.
The loch with the biggest volume is Loch Ness (7 billion cubic
The deepest is Loch Morar (328m/1077ft)
The longest is Loch Awe (41km/25miles).
The longest river is the River Tay 193km/120miles.
you know that:
The rocks in Scotland are amongst the oldest in
the world - about three billion years old.
Scotland was at one time part of a huge continent
linking North America and Scandinavia.
Scotland was separated from England by a sea 1,000
Scotland was once south of the equator and baked
in subtropical temperatures.
There are 69 National Nature Reserves and 1 National
Park on Loch Lomond - the Cairngorms being the largest nature
reserve in Britain.
On the longest day there is no complete darkness
in the north of Scotland.
Scotland's position on the edge of the European
continent with sea on three sides means that the weather is very
varied. Records show that May and June are usually drier than
July and August.
Edinburgh's annual rainfall is only slightly greater
than London's and many of the east coast towns have less annual
rainfall than Rome.
Generally speaking, the east coast tends to be
cool and dry, the west coast milder and wetter.
July and August are normally the warmest months,
average temperature of 15-19oC/60-68oF.
Here are some extremes of weather
Highest recorded air temperature 32.80C/910F at
Dumfries on 2 July 1908
Lowest recorded air temperature -27.20C/-170F
at Braemar on 10 January 1982 and Altnaharra on 30 December 1995
Maximum duration of sunshine in a month 329 hours
at Tiree in May 1975, an average of 10.6 hours per day
Maximum rainfall in a day 238.4mm/9.39 inches
at Sloy on 17 January 1974
Biggest bird: White-Tailed Sea Eagle
Oldest tree: yew in Fortingall churchyard 3000+
years old, north of Loch Tay
Tallest tree: Douglas Fir 65m/212ft at the Hermitage,
Highest hedge: beech hedge planted in 1746, now
at least 36.6m/120ft high and 550m/1804ft long at Meikleour, near
Longest border: the longest herbaceous border
in the world is at Dirleton Castle in East Lothian at 215m/65ft
& Historic Houses
largest castle is Edinburgh Castle.
The largest inhabited castle is Floors Castle at Kelso, Scottish
The oldest inhabited house is Traquair at Innerleithen, Scottish